Dobó István Square

Dobó István Square: After the Turks left, from the 18th century, it was known under the name of Hungarian Market, then it became Market Square, after which it became Kossuth Square. It developed into the main square of the city gradually as taking this role was prevented exactly by the frequent floods of nearby Eger Creek.

Dobó István: son of a 13th century noble family. His name gained fame in the Turkish siege of 1552, when he was able to defend the castle against huge odds. The number of defenders was around 2,000, while the estimated number of the Turkish troops besieging was some 80,000. The reward Dobó received from Ferdinand I was the castle of Déva and Szamosújvár, and in 1553, the monarch appointed him the Voivod of Transylvania. In 1556 the Transylvanian parliament decided to recall Queen Isabella. At that time, upon the Sultan’s orders, Turkish troops marched into Transylvania. Dobó was defending Szamosújvár for over ten months but as no help was received from Ferdinand, he was forced to surrender the castle. Thanks to the Perényis, the old enemies of the Dobó Family, in 1569, Dobó was lured to the Pozsony assembly, where he and his relative, Balassa János, were captured and imprisoned for suspected treason; he was also stripped of his Lord Lieutenant's rank. The last years of his life were spent in captivity, in the Castle of Pozsony. When he was released (1572), his health was seriously deteriorated. He soon died in his castle in Szerednye, and was laid to rest in the Dobóruszka church.

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