Kossuth Lajos Street public-road bridge

Friars’ Bridge. The next bridge is also of Medieval origin, with a very important military function. The brushwood path of the moorland leading to the castle entrance was connected here, at the lowest point, with the two sides of the creek, by a bridge. (The beam structure of the road and the ramp leading to the bridge were found in this place in 1958.) Due to the heavy traffic on the road, the Turks replaced the wooden bridge by a stone bridge. The stone bridge was absolutely necessary here as the heavy artillery, ammunition and carriages transporting freight were towed to the castle through here. However, in 1730, this bridge was damaged, possibly as the result of a flood. In 1757, however, it collapsed surely due to the flood of Eger Creek. The bridge suffering serious damage was rebuilt and decorated. However, in the huge flood of 1813, it was destroyed again. The new vaulting was constructed on the basis of the plans of Zwenger József, in 1815. Current Kossuth Lajos (formerly Hatvani, later Káptalan) Street was the military route to the castle; given its significance, during the previous centuries, it was reinforced and made fit for traffic by using wooden planks. At Buttler House, its wooden plank walking surface leading to the castle ran under the current asphalt surface, at the depth of 85-100 cm, while the 16th century beam-structure military route could be found at the average depth of 170 cm. Moreover, archaeologists found the identifiable layer of the old road another 80-100 cm under the stone layer of the foundation of this beam structure road.
For the longest time, after the nearby Franciscan church and monastery, Eger residents called this bridge the “Friars’ Bridge”. Even though it has no exterior signs any more, the bridge is still of Turkish origin. This was a square-built, single-span bridge made of carved broad-stones. With its high beetle back and solid stone wall barrier, it belonged to the cityscape of Eger until its detonation on 30 November 1944.

 

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