The Eger Castle
The Eger Castle, one of the most popular tourist destinations in Hungary. The first Hungarian King, St. Stephen founded a bishopric here between 1001 and 1009, for the protection of which a stone castle was built starting from 1248. The Romanesque-style church destroyed was replaced by the Gothic, later late-Gothic style cathedral built on the castle hill. The bishop’s see established in the castle lived its heyday in the 15th century, during the Renaissance. Then it was considered one of the leading cultural centres of the country. In the 16th century, the Ottoman conquest also reached Hungary, to which the nation's capital fell victim. In 1552, the Turks turned against Eger, one of the major strengths of the country. The two thousand-strong army of defenders protected the castle against attackers nearly forty times more numerous, in a five-week siege. The heroic resistance is one of the outstanding events of Hungarian history; its news – through the historical novel of Gárdonyi Géza – reached every corner of the world.
Today, Eger castle is a protected monument, housing Dobó István Castle Museum. The history of the castle, its underground fortification system, the medieval forms of punishment and their devices are presented within permanent exhibitions. The museum of stonework presents the ruins of the cathedrals destroyed, in the hall of heroes, the marble cover slab of the grave of the captain leading the 1552 defence of the castle. The Eger Gallery located in the castle is one of the significant fine art collects of Hungary, safekeeping Dutch, Italian, Austrian and Hungarian paintings. In addition to the exhibitions, we endeavour to revive the historical traditions of the castle through programmes as well.